The period between April and May is traditionally one of those times when South African families from across the country pack up their cars, bakkies, buses and caravans to hit the road for the long weekend. It’s also a particularly treacherous time for those on the roads – the Easter weekend is notorious for the high fatality rate on our roads.
‘To curb fatigue when embarking on long, cross-country journeys, motorists are cautioned to take breaks every 200km and to switch drivers often,’ says Eugene Herbert, Project Coordinator for Driving Skills for Life (DSFL) South Africa, Ford’s responsible-driver training programme.
‘Driving Skills for Life adopts a multidisciplinary approach to the training of drivers with a focus on both safety and eco-driving that both fleet and private drivers can benefit from.’ We’ve put together a list of some of the top safety tips to keep you and your girls safe this weekend!
These are Ford’s top tips for road safety for the long weekend
1 Check list
Give your vehicle a thorough once-over before you hit the open road. Ensure the wipers and lights are in working order and carefully scan the tyres (including the often-neglected spare wheel). Legally, in South Africa, the minimum tread depth is no less than 1mm which, along with lumps and gashes on the side walls, make tyres more susceptible to blow-outs.
Ensure that you have the necessary tyre-changing equipment and always check your tyre pressure when the tyres are cold. Remember that vehicles under heavy load usually require higher pressure. For the guidelines relating to your car’s particular tyre, consult the owner’s manual or the information sticker usually found on the B-pillar at the driver’s door.
2 Load up
Don’t overload your vehicle. Not only can this obscure your rear visibility but it can also affect your vehicle’s stability and its ability to steer and stop, cause premature brake and tyre wear, and increase your fuel consumption.
Where possible, pack heavy items in the boot and make sure to pack belongings securely. Sliding, loose objects are distracting – especially if harsh braking is required. Unsecured items could fly forward and hit occupants sitting in the car.
3 Buckle up
Yes, it’s one of the most basic safety details, but according to the results of an independent study conducted on the N4 highway by the Road Safety Foundation, only 36,9% of drivers wore their seat belts, while 30,8% of passengers were clipped in.
* Childsafe suggests children be strapped into a suitable car seat from birth to 10 years old.
When used correctly, seat belts reduce the risk of death and injury in a crash. Also, if your vehicle is equipped with airbags, which provide additional impact protection in crashes, your bags probably won’t deploy if your seat belt is not secured. Food for thought: rear-seat passengers who are unrestrained often injure or kill other occupants when they are flung forward or to the side on impact. Two seconds is really all it takes to secure the vehicle ‘accessory’ that contributes so significantly to saving lives.
4 Be defensive
Defensive driving is one of the tenets of South Africa’s driver-training curriculum but is not readily practised. Plan a defence or exit strategy so that you’re prepared when dangers present themselves. This is also why a safe following distance is important. A longer following distance – three seconds on dry roads is considered safe – it increases your line of sight, which will give you more opportunities to spot and avoid potential problems. And if you can’t see the mirrors of the vehicle in front of you, that driver can’t see you.
5 All-weather driving
Always adjust your driving to suit the road and weather conditions. When driving on wet roads ensure the following:
- Extended following distance as roads may be slippery
- Turn on your headlights (if not on already )
- Avoid puddles which may conceal potholes
- Should your car aqua-plane (when water is caught between the road surface and your tyres, causing a loss of traction), don’t brake or steer. Remove your foot from the accelerator until you feel your tyres make contact with the road again and then continue at a safe speed.
6 Minimise Distractions
A recent Driver Distraction Survey commissioned by Ford revealed that one in four young drivers in Europe aged between 18 and 24 have taken a selfie, posted an update on social media or checked social media sites while driving. But distracted driving is not just about motorists’ collective inability to ignore their smartphones when behind the wheel. Other common distractions are ‘rubbernecking’ when passing crash scenes or roadblocks; shaving or applying makeup; tending to children; looking for dropped items; and eating or drinking.
But any driving requires you to remain focused at all times. The AA suggests you ensure children and pets are properly restrained and entertained before you start driving; plan your journey to allow sufficient time to stop and stretch your legs while you enjoy a (soft) drink and a bite to eat; never allow passengers to break your concentration; and avoid using your cellphone when driving. In the US, it is estimated that about 25% of crashes are caused by drivers using cellphones.
7 Extra care required
We all know that the minute you venture out onto the road, you’re taking your life – and the lives of your passengers – into your hands. But there are high-risk periods when, according to the Automobile Association of South Africa (AA), accidents are statistically most likely to occur. These are:
- Between dusk and dawn
- During morning and evening peak traffic periods
- At closing time for bars and clubs
- Late in the week and during the weekend when the use of alcohol increases
According to the Road Traffic Management Corporation, the following routes are expected to experience heavier than usual traffic volumes over the Easter long weekend. It would be wise to keep this in mind when planning your journey and practise extra caution when travelling at any time of the day:
N1: Pretoria – Polokwane – Beitbridge
N1: Mangaung – Cape Town
N2: Somerset East – Cape Town
N3: Johannesburg – Durban
N4: Pretoria – Nelspruit – Cape Town
R63: Aberdeen – Beaufort West
This post was originally seen on Womenonwheels
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